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Assignment Help: More on plagiarism

Plagiarism awareness sites

Examples of plagiarism

 

Using another person’s ideas or opinions without acknowledging the source of information.
Failing to place a quotation in quotation marks.
Using statistics, maps and illustrations without acknowledging where they came from.
Failing to include sources of information used in the preparation of an assignment in a reference list or bibliography.
Cutting and pasting to create a paper from several sources.
Using information from a website, online database, CD-ROM or other electronic source without proper acknowledgement.


Clipart sourced from Microsoft

Techniques to avoid plagiarising

It's easy to avoid plagiarising as long as you remember two things:

Every time you provide a direct quotation, you should provide an in-text citation and a full reference in the reference list. A paraphrase is no different. Provide a citation every time you make use of facts or ideas found in another text.
Learn to paraphrase properly! A paraphrase is an extract from another source re-written by you that retains the meaning intended by the original writer. A paraphrase contains all or most of the points of the original text and is around the same length. A reference must be provided.

Clipart sourced from Microsoft

Some strategies

1. Use synonyms

Using appropriate synonyms is the most important paraphrasing skill. All other techniques are inadequate unless you use synonyms. Refer to a good thesaurus or dictionary but pay attention to usage.

2. Use different parts of speech and word order.

Consider changing words into different part of speech (eg. changing nouns into verbs or adjectives into adverbs). Doing so will involve changing the sentence structure.

3. Change the sentence type.

Sentences can be changed by altering such things as word order, the number of clauses in the sentence, and the kind of linking words used.

Source: Davies, W. M. and Beaumont, T. J. (2007), Paraphrasing, Teaching and Learning Unit, Faculty of Business and Economics, the University of Melbourne. http://tlu.fbe.unimelb.edu.au/
Further credits: Pesina, J. (design and layout).
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Example

Direct quote:

In the ESD Toolkit, Rosalyn McKeown (2002) states that "Education is an essential tool for achieving sustainability. People around the world recognize that current economic development trends are not sustainable and that public awareness, education, and training are key to moving society toward sustainability."


Paraphrase:

Throughout the world people are recognising that 'business as usual' is not sustainable, and it is only by raising awareness through training and education that we can become more sustainable (McKeown, 2002).

Beware of plagiarising visual information!

Copying visual information or graphics from a WWW site (or from a printed source) is very similar to quoting text, and the source of the visual information or graphic must be cited.

This includes:


See attribution below for a Creative Commons-licenced photo:

Keyboard by Quinn de EskimoAttributionAttribution