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Self Paced Referencing Course

1. Learn: End-Text Citations

In this unit, part 1:

► Describe the format for an end-text citation for a single author book.

► Using the example given construct an end-text citation for a single author book.

Once complete go to Box 2 on this page for more information on how to format your end text citations into your reference list.

For more videos on Referencing see the Library TV Channel.

Your end text citations give the full bibliographic details of your sources of information.

The aim of an end text citation is to provide sufficient information for another person to find the information for themselves.

The end-text citations is formatted differently depending on the item type.

Once you have all your end-text citation ready you arrange them into a reference list.

To format your citation correctly refer to the APA Referencing Guide 2018 or to these quick examples.

For example, to format a webpage citation:  

 

Quick Examples: End text references.

In the APA Referencing Guide 2018 see:

  • Pages 6- 7 for an introduction to end-text layouts.
  • Pages 11 - 26 for layout examples for items with different formats.

Our videos cover referencing a single author book, a web page and a journal article.

See our Referencing and Plagiarism Guide for more information.

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2. Learn: Reference List

In this unit, part 2:

► Locate information on formatting the reference list.

► List three important formatting rules for the reference list.

For more videos on Referencing see the Library TV Channel.

Once you have formatted your end text citations you arrange them in alphabetical order to create a "Reference List".

The reference list must be laid out in a particular format too.  

Note in particular:

  • Double space all reference entries.
  • Give each entry a hanging indent, meaning that the first line of each reference is set flush left and subsequent lines are indented (5 to 7 spaces or 1.25cm).
  • Arrange entries in alphabetical order by the surname of the first author followed by initials of the author's given name.  
  • Titles should be in Italics 

Find more tips here.

See The Reference List on the Referencing and Plagiarism Guide.

In the APA Referencing Guide 2018 see:

  • Pages 5-7 for the requirements and layout of the reference list.
  • Pages 11-26 for examples of end-text citations in the reference list.
  • Page 29 for more on the order of the reference list, including alphabetising.

Our videos cover referencing a single author book, a web page and a journal article.

See our Referencing and Plagiarism Guide for more information.

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3. Quiz: End-Text Citations and Reference List

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If you got less than 100% you can review the material and try again.

If you were 100% correct - Well done ! 

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