Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

APA Referencing Guide 7th edition: Other Sources

Other Sources

Reference List
Corporate Author. (Year). Title of chart [Chart]. Publisher.

Scientific Publishing. (2012). The lymphatic system [Chart]. Author.

Note: The word Author is used if the publisher's name is the same as the author's name.

In-text

(Corporate Author, Year)

(Scientific Publishing, 2012) 

Reference List
Corporate Author. (Year). Title of brochure [Brochure]. Publisher. 

Alzheimer’s Association WA. (n.d.). Early onset of Alzheimer’s disease [Brochure]. Author.

Note: The word Author is used if the publisher's name is the same as the author's name.

In-text

(Corporate Author, Year)

(Alzheimer’s Association WA, n.d.) 

Reference List

Personal Communications are not included in the Reference List, as these sources do not provide recoverable data.
Personal Communications include private letters, memos, emails from unarchived sources, traditional knowledge or oral histories of indigenous groups, personal interviews, telephone conversations, and similar resources. 

In-text

(Initial, Author Surname, personal communication, Month Day, Year)

The laboratory technician raised some concerns (G. Smith, personal communication, November 18, 2018) that...

Note: Provide the Initials and Surname of the communicator and the date.

Online Lecture Notes

Reference List

Author Surname, Initial. or Corporate Author (Year). Title of powerpoint [PowerPoint]. Blackboard. https://xxxx

North Metropolitan TAFE. (2019). Introduction to research [PowerPoint]. Blackboard. https://blackboard.northmetrotafe.wa.edu.au

In-text
(Author Surname or Corporate Author, Year)
(North Metropolitan TAFE, 2019)

 

Physical Lecture Notes 

Reference List  

‚ÄčAuthor Surname, Initial. or Corporate Author (Year). Title of lecture notes [Lecture notes]. Publisher

Lewis, M. (2019). EDC1300 Perspectives in education [Lecture notes]. North Metropolitan TAFE.

In-text
(Author Surname or Corporate Author, Year)

(Lewis, 2019)

Referencing a PowerPoint presentation you have created still requires the same elements as any other document reference: an in-text reference and an end-text reference. Create a Reference List on the final slide and place your in-text references at the bottom of the relevant slide. Check out the examples in the presentation below.