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English Language: Paraphrasing

What is Paraphrasing?

Paraphrasing is to express someone else's ideas in your own words without changing the original meaning.

Paraphrasing involves replacing words, restructuring sentences and rewriting the information in your own words.

7 Steps for Paraphrasing

Step 1: Read the original information carefully, ensuring you understand it fully.
Step 2:  Identify the main points and key words and highlight them.
Step 3: Determine what you can change vs what cannot be changed.
Step 4: Cover the text so you can’t see any of it.
Step 5: Write out the idea in your own words using synonyms or phrases of similar meaning where possible.
Step 6: Change the order of the words or structure of the sentences.
Step 7: Then check your paraphrase against the original to be sure that you have not changed the meaning and that the information is accurate.

Reporting Verbs for Paraphrasing


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Reporting verbs are often used when paraphrasing. Click on the link below for a complete list of reporting verbs.

PowerPoint Presentation: Paraphrasing

You Tube Clip: Avoid Plagiarism