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APA Quick Referencing: 3 Easy Steps

STEP 1: Collect bibliographic details

When taking notes for an assignment topic, write down all the relevant bibliographic details of your information sources. You need to record these details when you are doing your research. 



       For a book you require the following information:  

  • author or editor
  • year of publication 
  • title
  • edition (if not the first)
  • publisher

STEP 2: Insert in-text citations

Insert a brief citation at the appropriate place within the text of your assignment where this information is used. Include the author's surname, year of publication and page number, if required. Here is an example of an in-text reference for a book:


STEP 3: Create a list of References

At the end of your assignment, add a list of References containing all of your information sources with full citations. For a book include the author's surname and initials, year of publication, title and publisher. Here is an example of an end-text reference for a book:


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These abbreviations are commonly used in referencing:   

 ed.  edition
 2nd ed.  second edition
 Ed.  Editor
 Eds.  Editors
 et al.  and others
 n.d.  no date
 p.  page
 pp.  pages
 para.  paragraph



Include page numbers in an in-text citation if you are quoting or using precise information from a particular page.